Different Types of Paver
In this article, we will explore the various types of paver based on both materials and shapes, providing an overview of the options available for creating beautiful and functional outdoor spaces that suit your aesthetic preferences and practical needs. Whether you’re aiming for a classic look, a modern feel, or a natural appearance, the combination of materials and shapes allows for endless possibilities in designing your paved surfaces.
What is Paver?
Pavers are flat, hard blocks or slabs used in the construction of various outdoor surfaces such as walkways, driveways, patios, and pathways. They are typically made from various materials, including concrete, brick, natural stone, and other composite materials. They come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and designs, often featuring interlocking patterns that contribute to stability and ease of installation. Pavers are valued for their versatility, aesthetic appeal, and ability to withstand outdoor elements. They are commonly used to enhance the functionality and visual appeal of outdoor spaces, offering a flexible and customizable option for landscaping projects.
Different Types of Paver Based on Material
Pavers come in various materials, each with its own set of characteristics. Here are different types of paver based on materials:
Brick pavers are paving stones made from clay that has been fired in a kiln. These pavers are commonly used in landscaping and outdoor construction to create driveways, walkways, patios, and other hardscape surfaces. Brick pavers are durable and can withstand weathering and heavy loads. They are resistant to cracking and can last for many years with proper maintenance. Brick pavers come in various shapes and sizes, with common shapes including rectangles, squares, and octagons. The size and shape variations allow for different patterns and designs in the installation.
Cobblestone pavers are a type of paving material that is characterized by their natural and rustic appearance. They are made from various types of stones, typically granite, basalt, or limestone, and are known for their durability and timeless charm.
Cobblestone pavers are unique in that they are typically irregular in shape and have a rough, textured surface. They are often small to medium-sized stones that are manually sorted and hand-laid to create a distinctive pattern. The irregularity of the stones and the variation in color and texture give cobblestone pavers a charming and authentic look.
Cobblestone pavers offer a classic and timeless aesthetic that can enhance the beauty of any outdoor space. They are versatile and can be used in various design styles, from traditional to contemporary. The natural, earthy tones of the stones add warmth and character to patios, pathways, and other outdoor areas.
Concrete pavers are a type of paving material made from a mixture of cement, aggregate (such as sand or crushed stone), water, and coloring agents. These pavers are molded into specific shapes and sizes, then cured to achieve the desired strength. Common shapes include rectangles, squares, circles, and interlocking patterns. Concrete pavers are widely used in outdoor landscaping and construction projects due to their durability, versatility, and aesthetic appeal.
Flagstone pavers are a type of natural stone paver that is commonly used for outdoor paving projects. Flagstone refers to flat, thin pieces of stone that are typically irregular in shape and have a natural, rustic appearance. They are often used for patios, walkways, and pool decks, adding a unique and timeless charm to outdoor spaces.
Flagstone pavers are usually made from sedimentary rocks such as sandstone, limestone, or slate. Each piece of flagstone is unique, with varying colors, textures, and patterns, giving a natural and organic look to the paved surface. The irregular shapes of flagstone pavers create a more natural and informal aesthetic compared to uniform-shaped pavers.
Installing flagstone pavers requires careful planning and preparation. The pavers are typically laid on a bed of compacted gravel or sand, with joints filled with more sand or mortar. The irregular shapes of the pavers allow for creative and flexible installation patterns, such as random or mosaic designs.
Marble pavers are a type of natural stone paver that is known for its elegance and luxurious appearance. Made from natural marble, these pavers are commonly used for outdoor paving projects where a sophisticated and refined look is desired.
Marble is a metamorphic rock that is formed from limestone under high heat and pressure. It is known for its unique veining patterns, wide range of colors, and smooth texture. Marble pavers can come in various shades, including white, beige, gray, and even vibrant colors like red or green.
In addition to its beauty, marble is a durable and long-lasting material. It is resistant to extreme weather conditions, making it suitable for outdoor applications. However, it’s important to note that marble is softer than some other natural stones, such as granite, and may be more prone to scratching or staining. Proper sealing and maintenance can help protect marble pavers and maintain their appearance over time.
Porcelain pavers are a type of paving material that is made from porcelain clay and fired at extremely high temperatures. They are gaining popularity in outdoor paving projects due to their durability, versatility, and aesthetic appeal.
One of the notable features of porcelain pavers is their wide range of design options. They can mimic the look of natural materials such as stone, wood, or concrete, allowing for versatile design possibilities. Porcelain pavers come in various sizes, shapes, colors, and textures, giving you the flexibility to create a customized and visually appealing outdoor space.
Porcelain pavers are suitable for a wide range of outdoor applications, including patios, walkways, driveways, pool decks, and rooftop terraces. Their non-slip surface and resistance to moisture make them a safe and practical choice for these areas.
Rubber pavers are a type of paving material that is made from recycled rubber, typically from old tires. They are a sustainable and eco-friendly option for outdoor paving projects. Rubber pavers offer several advantages and are commonly used in areas where safety, comfort, and durability are important.
Rubber pavers are also slip-resistant, even when wet, which makes them a safe option for areas like pool decks, walkways, or outdoor stairs. The textured surface of rubber pavers provides traction and helps prevent accidents caused by slipping.
Rubber pavers are available in a variety of colors, sizes, and thicknesses, allowing for customization and design flexibility. They can be installed using adhesive or interlocking systems, depending on the specific project requirements.
Travertine pavers are a type of natural stone paver that is widely used for outdoor paving projects. They are made from travertine, a sedimentary rock formed from the precipitation of calcium carbonate minerals in hot springs or limestone caves. Travertine pavers are known for their unique beauty, durability, and versatility.
One of the standout features of travertine pavers is their natural color variations and textures. They come in a range of earthy tones, including beige, tan, brown, and even silver or gray. The pavers can have a smooth, honed surface or a more textured, tumbled finish, allowing for different design options.
Travertine pavers offer a timeless and elegant look that can enhance the aesthetic appeal of any outdoor space. They are commonly used for patios, pool decks, walkways, driveways, and other outdoor areas. The natural color variations and patterns of travertine create a warm and inviting atmosphere.
Different Types of Paver Based on Shape and Classification
Pavers come in various shapes, and each shape offers a unique aesthetic and design potential. The pavers come in a variety of shapes and sizes, including square, fan-shaped, rectangular, hexagonal, circular, octagonal, and H-shaped pavers.
- Type A: does not interlock and has vertical faces.
- Type B: has an alternating plain and corrugated shape that aids interlocking.
- Type C: all faces are corrugated and connected in all directions.
- Type D: Pavers with an X or L shape that can interlock in any direction.