CONSTRUCTION TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Speedy work and timely completion of work with quality control are highly important in construction projects when the scope of the job is on a huge scale. To do this, work must be mechanized, with construction equipment and machinery playing a critical role. The following factors contribute to the demand for mechanization:
- The Project’s Scale and Complexity
- large-scale material-handling projects.
- Projects with high-grade materials are more difficult to complete.
- Standards of excellence
- Maintaining time schedules is critical.
- Material, manpower, and financial resources are all used to the maximum extent possible.
- Manpower shortages, both skilled and efficient.
The proper use of suitable construction equipment helps the project’s economy, quality, safety, speed, and timeliness. Any building project requires the use of construction equipment. It is not always desirable or practical for the contractor to possess all of the construction equipment needed for the project. A contractor must weigh the many characteristics of a piece of equipment’s usability before deciding whether to buy it or rent it. During the usable life of the equipment, the amount spent on it should be recouped.
In major projects, heavy construction equipment is utilized for a variety of objectives. The sort of heavy equipment to be used depends on the size of the project and its economics. These tools make the construction process easier and more expedient.
Types of Heavy Equipment
Asphalt Paver -Road construction machinery is used for installing pavement. Asphalt is constantly put into the paver’s feeding bucket by the dump truck, and the paver spreads the asphalt uniformly and lightly compacts it on the road’s surface. However, a roller is necessary once the asphalt layer has been laid to ensure proper compaction.
Boom Lift -A type of aerial platform that is used to lift employees off the ground and onto an elevated project.
Bulldozers – are powerful devices used to push, dig, excavate, and level materials such as dirt and rubble at construction sites. In the front, they have huge, heavy blades that push material. Some include extra features, like rippers at the back to assist in breaking up difficult terrain.
Cold Planer – Asphalt milling devices known as cold planers remove pavement or concrete from driving surfaces.
Compactors – A compactor is a type of construction machine that applies pressure on soil, reducing air pockets and allowing the soil to support larger weights on level surfaces. Roller compactors and flat plate compactors are the two major types of compactors.
Concrete Mixer – A concrete mixer (cement mixer) is a specialized truck used to mix concrete and transport it to building sites. Trucks are frequently loaded with both dry products and water, which are mixed together during delivery.
Dump Trucks – used on building projects to transport big amounts of material from one location to another or to the dump yard.
Excavators -are used for a variety of tasks such as heavy lifting, demolition, river dredging, tree cutting, and so on. Excavators have a long arm with a digging bucket at the end.
Graders -A grader is a construction machine that uses a long blade to create a flat surface. It is also known as a road grader, a blade, a maintainer, and a motor grade. Graders are mostly used in road building to build and maintain dirt and gravel roads.
Loaders -used to transfer or load dirt, rock, sand and demolition waste into or onto another form of machinery (such as a dump truck, conveyor belt, feed-hopper, or train car) in the construction field.
Truck Crane -For lifting and moving goods on a building site, trucks cranes are equipped with a self-propelled crane.
Tower Cranes-Crane towers are frequently utilized in the construction sector to raise heavy loads.
Pile Boring Machine -To install precast piles, pile boring machinery is needed to drill holes on the construction site.
A power tool is a sort of hand tool that uses a mechanism and a source of power rather than requiring a person to manually expend energy and effort. Electric motors are the most frequent power source for these types of equipment since they are the most prevalent source of energy in any household. Because they are efficient in terms of energy, time, and effort, the use of power tools substantially speeds up any building or construction operation.
Angle Grinder –are multi-purpose tools that can grind metal, cut tile, stucco, and pavers, carve out mortar, and sand, polish, and sharpen.
Air Compressor -electric motor or gas engine power the mechanism that sucks consecutive quantities of air from the environment into a restricted space to increase its pressure by shrinking the volume and then transfers the high-pressure air into a receiver tank.
Chainsaw -When it comes to tree falling, hedge pruning, and firewood gathering, a chainsaw is an exceptionally effective and efficient instrument. Sharp cuts are created utilizing a set of teeth linked to the spinning chain, which gives the power to perform challenging jobs such as sawing huge logs with ease.
Planer– a hand tool for shaving the surface of wood to achieve smooth surfaces.
Drill – A drill is a cylindrical end-cutting instrument that is used to create or expand circular holes in solid material.
Hammer Drill -A rotary percussion tool for drilling in rock, concrete, or masonry is a hammer drill. By turning off the percussion and adding an optional chuck adaptor, it may also be used for drilling in wood or steel.
Heat Gun – A heat gun is a device that emits a stream of hot air. They’re used to soften glue and adhesive, remove paint and wallpaper, and heat and bend plastic. They may also be used to defrost frozen pipes in the winter and shrink wrap, and they operate considerably faster than a regular hair dryer.
Jigsaw – A jigsaw is a saw that utilizes a reciprocating blade to cut irregular curves in wood, metal, or other materials, such as stenciled patterns.
Orbital Sander– orbital sander is used for ultra-smooth sanding. It may be used on wood, plastic, and metal. A random orbital sander may be used for a variety of tasks, including painting and restoring headlight clarity.
Table saw – A table saw is a versatile instrument that may be used for a variety of household tasks. It enables you to carve larger, more complicated pieces of wood, such as bookcases and huge paintings.
Jack Hammer – A jackhammer is a huge hammer that is driven by compressed air and is used to smash up rocks and other hard material.
A tool held in the hand and operated without electricity or other power.
Types of Hand Tools
Chisel – Chisel is a special curving and cutting tool that is hit or forced by a hammer or other striker to cut materials.
Clamps – Holding things firmly in place, clamps will give maximum control and ease of use for the user.
Cutters – for cutting.
Files – In order to smooth rough surfaces on metal or wood, file is an excellent hand tool that is adept at removing materials from metal or wood.
Hacksaw– use for cutting metal.
Hammer – A hammer is another common hand tool that is used to strike items with a hammering motion. Using a hammer, you may repair or destroy anything.
Knives –for cutting things.
Long nose– Holds, bends, and stretches the lead of electrical components or connecting wires.
Mallet – striking objects, evening surfaces, applying pressure, driving stake.
Measuring tape-is a long, narrow strip of material marked with units of measurement (such as inches or centimeters) that is used to measure objects; can be made of plastic, fabric, or metal.
Pliers –When working with a variety of materials this useful tool may be used to hold or cut, bend or compress, or straighten them.
Saw – cutting different materials (finely or roughly).
Screwdriver – tightening and loosening screws.
Vises – holding objects together.
Wrench – for tightening and loosening.