Arch DamArch Dam– These types of dam are concrete or masonry dams that are curved upstream to transfer the majority of the water weight to the abutment dams with a double curve. A curved vertically and horizontally curved arch dam.Buttress DamButtress Dam- A buttress dam, sometimes called a hollow dam, has a solid, watertight upstream side that is supported on the downstream side by a series of buttresses or supports spaced at regular intervals. It is common for the dam wall to be straight or curved. The majority of buttress dams are constructed of reinforced concrete and are hefty, causing the dam to sink into the earth.

Coffer DamCoffer Dam-Temporary construction is used to cover all or part of the work site in order to keep it dry. As the name implies, the cofferdam diverts the flow of water into a pipe, channel, tunnel, and/or other watercourse.Diversion DamDiversion Dam– Water is transferred from one canal to another through these types of dams.

Embankment DamEmbankment Dam- As its name implies, an embankment is a huge, artificial dam that is made from natural dug material or industrial waste materials, such as compacted plastic, as well as a variety of soil, rock, and clay compositions.

Gravity damGravity dam A gravity dam is a structure built of concrete or stone masonry that is designed to withstand horizontal water pressure by utilizing just the weight and resistance of the material against its foundation.

Hydropower DamHydropower Dam-An electricity-generating dam that exploits the difference in water levels between the reservoir pool and the tailwater pool to operate a turbine.

Industrial waste damIndustrial Waste Dam- Construction of an embankment dam can generate storage for the disposal of industrial waste products. Water is used to transport the waste products as tiny particles suspended in water to a reservoir. It is also possible to construct a dam for mining waste using acceptable waste materials.

Masonry DamMasonry Dam-Stone or brick masonry is used to construct masonry dams. The masonry blocks are joined using cement mortar.

Overflow damOverflow Dam- The term overflow dam describes a dam that permits excess water to spill over its crest when it is flowing upstream. This type of dam is also known as a spillway dam or an overflow dam.

Regulating (After bay) DamRegulating (After bay) Dam– A dam that impounds a reservoir and releases water to control the flow downstream.


Saddle Dam (or Dike) Saddle Dam (or Dike) – A subsidiary dam of any kind is built over a saddle or low spot on the reservoir’s border.