TYPES OF BEAM
Strap Beam-These types of beams are used to connect columns. The main purpose is to reduce the column’s slenderness ratio but also avoid the buckling effect. If the column’s unprotected length reaches 4m, a tie beam must be provided.
Plinth Beam-constructed on the finished floor level of the building, usually above the natural ground. It is used to prevent uneven settlement because it connects columns and evenly distributes the load from the wall.
Tie Beam – These types of beams built into the ground to connect columns. The main purpose is to reduce the slenderness ratio of the column and avoid the buckling effect. If the unsupported length of the column exceeds 4m, a tie beam must be provided.
Roof Beam –They are load-bearing components and an indispensable part of the building’s strength. It supports the floor or roof above, while increasing the integrity of the walls. It also supports joists, trusses and other roofing elements.
Lintel Beam -It is a beam placed across openings such as doors, windows in buildings to support the load from the structure above. The width of lintel beam is equal to the width of wall, and its ends are embedded in the wall.