TYPES OF BRIDGE
Arch Bridge-These types of bridge have curved arch abutments at either end. Arch bridges function by partially shifting the weight of the bridge and its loads into a horizontal thrust controlled by abutments on each side.
Beam Bridge– In terms of structural design, beam bridges have the simplest spans, which are supported by abutments or piers at each end. As well as the Beam Bridge, there is also the Girder Bridge.
Cantilever Bridge- One-end-supported structures called cantilevers are used to construct cantilever bridges, which protrude horizontally into space
Suspension Bridge-Suspension bridges are one of the most common types of bridges. It has a cable support system that distributes the bridge deck’s weight between the two towers. The tension pressures in the cables are transformed into compression forces in the piers, which ultimately extend to the ground.
Cable-Stayed Bridge- One of the most common types of bridges is the cable-stayed bridge, which uses towers to support the continuous girder with inclination stays. It is a continuous-girder bridge supported by elastic supports from the mechanical point of view.Tied-Arch Bridge- It’s an arch bridge with outward-directed horizontal pressures carried by a chord that ties the arch ends together, rather than by the earth or bridge foundations. In certain cases, the deck structure itself is reinforced, while in others, tie rods are used.
Truss Bridge- As the name implies, the load-bearing structure of a truss bridge is made up of interconnected triangular sections that create a truss. These (usually straight) components may be strained by tension or compression or both as a result of dynamic loads applied to them.