Shear Wall: Types and Location in Buildings

What Is Shear Wall? A shear wall is a structural component used in building construction to provide lateral support and resistance against horizontal forces such as wind loads, seismic forces, and other lateral loads. It is designed to primarily carry shear forces, which are forces that act parallel to the plane of the wall. Shear […]

Bridges- Components and Classification

Bridges are essential infrastructure elements that facilitate transportation and connect communities by spanning various obstacles. They come in various designs and types, each carefully engineered to suit specific requirements. In this article, we will explore the components that make up a typical bridge and delve into its classification based on different criteria, such as materials, […]

Types of Roof Vents

Roof Vents: Types of Roof Vents, Benefits, and Purpose of Roof Vents There are several types of roof vents commonly used in houses to provide attic ventilation. The selection of roof vents for a house depends on factors such as the roof design, climate, attic size, and personal preference. It is important to ensure proper […]

Types of Gutter

TYPES OF GUTTER | ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES There are several types of gutter designed to protect your home from rainwater. Gutters help to divert water away from the foundation of your home. They lessen moisture damage that causes cracks and the growth of mold. You can also prevent flooding in your basement. What is Gutter […]

Overmount vs Undermount Sink

Overmount vs undermount sink There are numerous factors to consider when purchasing a kitchen sink, including size, depth, dividers, and materials. It is best to decide whether you want an overmount or undermount sink first, as this will make future decisions easier. This choice will largely depend on the type of countertop you have. Although […]

Soundproof Drywall

There are numerous reasons why you may want to install a sound barrier in your home. Perhaps your house is located on a busy street or intersection. Perhaps your bedrooms are separated by thin walls. There are many ways to make a room soundproof if you want more privacy, quiet, and comfort inside your home. […]

Different Types of Fences

When selecting a fence for your yard, it is important to consider the structure’s design, privacy, security, and cost. Because a fence improves the aesthetics of your property in addition to providing privacy and protection. In this article, you can learn more about the different types of fences. DIFFERENT TYPES OF FENCES There are several […]

Stair Railing

In this article, we’ll discuss the different types of stair railing and handrail and their applications, materials, advantages, and disadvantages. The handrails and railings on a staircase are one of its primary safety features because they reduce the risk of falls and injuries. These stair parts can be constructed from a variety of materials, including […]

Types of Bay Windows

In this article, we’ll discuss the different types of bay windows and their materials, advantages, and disadvantages. What is Bay Window? Bay windows typically consist of three or more windows and create an angle that extends past the house’s exterior wall. Bay windows can be square, hexagonal, octagonal and other shapes.  Bay windows are very […]

Different Types of Lintels

Different Types of Lintels The different types of lintels used in building construction will be covered in this article. Lintels can only be classified based on the materials used in their construction. What is lintel? A lintel is a structural component that holds across openings in a residential building such as windows, doors, and so […]

Concrete Stairs Reinforcement Details

Concrete Stairs Reinforcement Details Concrete reinforcement is a fundamental aspect of construction that involves enhancing the strength, durability, and stability of concrete structures. This practice is particularly crucial in areas where concrete is subjected to various forces, such as tension and compression, that can compromise its integrity over time. In this discussion, we will explore […]

Water Storage Tank

WATER STORAGE TANK A water storage tank is a container that keeps clean water from your reverse osmosis system or other filtration systems until you are ready to use it. Pressurized storage tanks release water on demand, whereas atmospheric tanks require the use of a booster pump to maintain pressure. Water storage tanks come in […]

Types of Columns Used in Construction

TYPES OF COLUMNS USED IN CONSTRUCTION Different types of columns are used in various parts of structures. A column is a vertical structural element used to support compression loads. Loads may be transferred from a ceiling, floor slab, roof slab, or beam to a floor or foundation. Columns usually carry bending moments along one or […]

Types of door locks

The various types of door locks are the perfect items to get your hands on if you want to keep your homes and offices safe or secure different areas within them. Door locks, like no other tool, provide protection and safety while also protecting your privacy.  There is a vast choice of door locks to […]

Types of doors

Different types of doors are used in homes and buildings. Doors are the most important assets in any home, not just for security. However, they also improve the appearance of the house from the outside. The type of door chosen depends on the type of structure, house, and purpose of use. What is Door? A […]

Types of windows

Many different types of windows may be found in a variety of home construction alternatives. Choosing the correct window replacement option for your needs might be challenging. What Is Window? A window is described as a wall aperture that allows fresh air and sunlight into the building while also providing an outside view. The window […]

Types of buildings

TYPES OF BUILDINGS There are many different types of buildings that are categorized depending on factors such as construction, purpose, size, style, and design. Buildings are classified according to their use and occupancy under the International Building Code (IBC) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). The IBC and UBC requirements are reasonable since they control […]

Types of stairs

Different Types of Stairs | Materials Used to Build a Staircase In this article, we will explore and discuss the various types of stairs commonly found in buildings. Stairs are a fundamental architectural feature that not only provide functional access between different levels but also contribute to the overall design and aesthetic appeal of a […]

Road sign

ROAD SIGNS | ROAD SIGN COLORS | ROAD  SIGN COLORS What is road sign? Road sign serve as a warning to all road users to be safe from potential driving hazards and circumstances. These also help in traffic flow control for vehicles as well as other road users such as pedestrians and cyclists. Animals might […]

Pavement markings | Types of pavement markings| Road marking

Pavement Markings | Types of Pavement Markings| Roadway Marking What Is Pavement Marking? Pavement markings, often known as road markings, are components of the intelligence system for road users, which also includes road signs and signals. Pavement markings guide drivers to where they should park their cars, warn them of impending dangers, and indicate where […]

Parts of pavement

ROAD PAVEMENT Pavement is a sort of hard surface comprised of durable surface material that is placed down on an area meant to carry automobile or pedestrian activity. Its primary role is to disperse applied vehicle loads to the sub-grade via several layers. The road pavement should provide enough skid resistance, good riding quality, good […]

Types of Footings

In this article, we will explore the various types of footings commonly used in construction. Footings are an essential component of any building or structure, as they provide stability and support by transferring the load to the underlying soil or rock. By understanding the different types of footings, builders and engineers can choose the most […]

Types of Ceiling Designs

TYPES OF CEILING DESIGNS Beam ceiling–  These types of ceiling designs is one with visible joists and beams. Beam ceilings provide aesthetic appeal and a personal touch to your house. They are often built of wood, although other materials or a combination of materials can be used as well. Conventional Ceiling– Most homes have a […]

Parts of roof

PARTS OF ROOFS Air Vent- These types of roofs feature an opening that allows air to flow, which may be covered by a grate or grill and may be ducted. Covering– This is what is fastened to the rafters to keep rain, sun, wind, snow, animal droppings, dust, dirt, and other material out. Popular covering […]

Types of Roof Trusses

Types of Roof Trusses                                             King Post Truss -This types of roof truss is usually for short spans. They are usually used in extensions, garages, porches and outbuildings. Many ancient buildings have open, visible […]

Types of Retaining Wall

DIFFERENT TYPES OF RETAINING WALL Different types of retaining wall are built in various locations depending on a variety of factors such as the material to be used, the type of soil, the slope of the hillside, local building codes, and the topography of the site. What is Retaining Wall? Retaining walls are rigid wall […]

Types of Dam

TYPES OF DAM  Arch Dam– These types of dam are concrete or masonry dams that are curved upstream to transfer the majority of the water weight to the abutment dams with a double curve. A curved vertically and horizontally curved arch dam.Buttress Dam- A buttress dam, sometimes called a hollow dam, has a solid, watertight […]

Parts of Bridge

PARTS OF BRIDGE The construction of a bridge involves the assembly of various structural elements, each with a specific purpose and function. These components work together to create a safe, durable, and efficient passage over obstacles such as rivers, valleys, or roads. Understanding the key parts of a bridge is essential for engineers, architects, and […]

Types of Culvert

TYPES OF CULVERT Arch Culvert- These types of culverts are similar to pipe arch culverts, but an artificial floor is created beneath the arch in this case. It is commonly utilized in tight passageways. The artificial floor is constructed of concrete, as is the arch, which is also built of concrete. Steel arch culverts are […]

Parts of Roadway

PARTS OF ROADWAY Carriage way or pavement– These parts of the roadway refer to the unrestricted traffic-moving section of the road that is paved. Traffic lanes determine the width of the road or pavement. The number of lines depends on the kind of route, the value of the service, and the intensity of traffic. Shoulder– […]

Types of Bridge

TYPES OF BRIDGE Arch Bridge-These types of bridge have curved arch abutments at either end. Arch bridges function by partially shifting the weight of the bridge and its loads into a horizontal thrust controlled by abutments on each side. Beam Bridge– In terms of structural design, beam bridges have the simplest spans, which are supported by […]

Prestressed concrete

Types of Prestressed Concrete |Tendons in Prestressed Concrete |Types Tendons in Prestressed Concrete What is Prestressed Concrete? Prestressed concrete is the most durable, dependable, and most grounded substance that is broadly utilized for the development of megastructures and bridges. It is a type of cement where high-strength tendon put in pressure areas of the cross-segment […]

Types of Slab

SLAB REINFORCEMENT DETAIL One way Slab – These types of slab are when twice the shorter span is less than the longer span, it is considered a one-way slab. It is called a one-way slab because it will bend in one direction only. (along a short span) The following figures represent the simple steps and […]

Types of Beam

TYPES OF BEAM Strap Beam-These types of beams are used to connect columns. The main purpose is to reduce the column’s slenderness ratio but also avoid the buckling effect. If the column’s unprotected length reaches 4m, a tie beam must be provided. Grade Beam- The component of the foundation of a building are generally constructed […]

Structural Member

Structural Members of a Building A structural members of a building is any load-supporting component of a structure, such as beams or walls, or any non-load-supporting component. Purlins – Horizontal roof frame members that support the weight of the roof and external loads (such as wind loads and live loads).Roof Truss –It consists of components […]

Plans, Drawings and Specifications

Plans, Drawings and Specification Plans and specs is a professional design and construction approach in which design drawings (or plans) are created alongside written requirements (or specs) that will further specify the equipment and features included in the blueprints. Before a construction project begins, the client must decide on a method of project delivery 1.Blueprint […]


Structures Structures are the arrangement or interrelation of all the parts of a whole, the manner of organization or construction. A structure is one in which the elements are constructed in such a way that the weights, loads, and forces are transferred to the foundations in the most cost-effective manner possible given the structure’s intended […]

Roof Types

ROOF DESIGN AND STYLES A roof is more than just a structure that provides shade and protection over our heads. It is also the home’s crowning glory, defining its overall appearance. Roof designs for houses vary in design and size based on the footprint and architectural style of the structure. Whatever your roof’s designs and […]


LOADINGS Loadings are the forces that induce stresses, deformation, or accelerations. These loads, which generate stress or displacement in a structure or its components, are applied to the structure or its components. Dead Load –These loadings consist of the self-weight of the structure (weight of walls, floors, roofs, etc.). The foundation and footings’ weight, as […]

Non-Structural Members

NON-STRUCTURAL MEMBERS Non-structural members are those parts of a building that aren’t part of the major or secondary structural systems. Non-structural members include things like light non-load-bearing walls, mechanical equipment, cable trays, ductwork, suspended ceilings, pipes, and cladding systems like brick veneer. Ceiling –These non-structural members make up the upper interior section of a structure.upper […]

Manpower and Professionals

MANPOWER AND PROFESSIONALS Engineer – An engineer is a person who uses scientific knowledge to design, construct, and maintain engines and machines or structures such as buildings, roads, railways, bridges etc. Architect –An architect is a trained professional who plans and designs structures and is often involved in their construction. Architects have received extensive training […]